This map shows the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve area and its surroundings. This iconic national park is one of Singapore's few remaining undisturbed nature areas. Kept in its pristine state, pockets of primary vegetation can still be found here. The reserve is probably one of the most compact concentrations of tropical flora and fauna species in the world - and hence a favourite venue for the study of the biodiversity of equatorial animals and plant life.
Located in the reserve is the Bukit Timah hill* which, at a height of 164 metres, is Singapore's highest point (see Singapore geography article on Wikipedia). It is also a much-visited hiking spot for nature lovers and students.
* 'Bukit' is itself the Malay word for 'hill' or 'hillock', hence the linguistically pedantic might argue that 'Bukit Timah Hill' is a tautological expression. However, as with many places in Singapore, the historical Malay names are now more often used to mean the locale than the landmark.
In the right side of the map is Rifle Range Road, so named because some of Singapore's early shooting ranges / gun clubs were started/built here. Rifle Range Road leads northeast over the Bukit Timah Expressway (BKE) to the southwestern part of the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.
The two Reserves were ecologically separated in the mid-1980s when the BKE (partly shown at the top-right corner of the map) was built. Because of the relatively small size of Bukit Timah reserve compared to the Central Catchment area, there have since been concerns raised about the detrimental effects of the separation on the flora and fauna of Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
In October 2007, Singapore's Nature Parks Board (NParks) announced that it was studying the possibility of building an 'eco-bridge' to connect Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Central Catchment Nature Reserve. The bridge would, with hope, allow animals and vegetation to traverse the two reserves, cross-pollinate, and become an ecologically contiguous island.
Located in the lower-left quadrant is a pond formed from a disused quarry (Hindhede Quarry). The road Hindede Drive leads southwest to the reserve's Visitor Centre :